3. They were operated by field artillery and anti-tank units. The gun could be traversed laterally 3 degrees to the sides by sliding the trail on the wheel's axle. € 15,50 . , It took five more years under the overall leadership of Mathieu's successor, General Deloye, to perfect and finally adopt in March 1898 an improved and final version of the Deport 75 mm long-recoil field gun. These upgraded field guns DISPONIBILE FINE OTTOBRE 2020. The 75mm modèle 1897–1915 was placed on SMCA modèle 1925 mountings with a vertical elevation of -10 to +70° and a 360° rotation. Enlisted men from the countryside took care of the 6 horses that pulled each gun and its first limber. When using high-velocity armor-piercing (HVAP) rounds, the 75mm guns were able to penetrate 4 to 4.5 inches of armor at nearly 1,100 yards. When the German 7.5 cm Pak 40 became available in sufficient numbers, most remaining Pak 97/38 pieces were returned to occupied France to reinforce the Atlantic Wall defenses or were supplied to Axis nations like Romania (PAK 97/38) and Hungary. Another 6 horses pulled each additional limber and caisson which were assigned to each gun. The Army then recommissioned two Canon de 75 modèle 1897, then located at the Musée de l'Artillerie de Draguignan. By 1944 this had become the standard British tank gun equipping the Cromwell tank and Churchill tank for the campaigns in northwest Europe. Its relatively low velocity and a lack of modern armor-piercing ammunition limited its effectiveness as an anti-tank weapon. The French 75 was designed as an anti-personnel weapon system for delivering large volumes of time-fused shrapnel shells on enemy troops advancing in the open. The smoothness of this system had no equal in 1897, and for at least another ten years. However, this is just a myth. How France's Deadly 75mm Cannon Revolutionized Artillery. There is a very large difference between the French data on the performance of the 47mm/L53 and the German data. Colonel Joseph-Albert Deport, at the time the Director of the Atelier de Construction de Puteaux (APX), and asked him whether he could construct a gun on the general principle of the Haussner long-cylinder recoil without infringing the existing patents. The upgrade was made with removable barrels. American industry built 1,050 French 75s during World War I, but only 143 had been shipped to France by 11 November 1918; most American batteries used French-built 75s in action. It was designed to serve as both an indirect-fire artillery piece and as a light anti-tank gun, giving Infantry Regiments effective fire support in a single package. 75mm M3 spec booklet MK VI Download. A version used on the early Medium Tank M3. 15-30 rpm burst (dependent on crew training and fatigue) They were known as 75mm armata wz.1897. A lightweight version of the M3 with a lighter thin-walled barrel and a different recoil mechanism that was used in the B-25H Mitchell bomber. By the end of the war about 12,000 had been produced. A version derived from the T13E1 for the Light Tank M24.  This rate of fire, the gun's accuracy, and the lethality of the ammunition against personnel, made the French 75 superior to all other regimental field artillery at the time. In 1939 the Polish army had 1,374 of these guns, making it by far the most numerous artillery piece in Polish service.. , In June 1940, with many British field guns lost in the Battle of France, 895 M1897 field guns and a million rounds of ammunition were purchased from the US Army. The weapon was used for decades (including in American tanks) which was a testament to its inherently excellent design. Extensive trials, however, revealed that it was still prone to hydraulic fluid leakage from the long-recoil mechanism. In December 1894, Deport was passed over for promotion, and resigned to join "Chatillon-Commentry", a private armaments firm. A rapid-firing French 75mm field-gun being used by the Germans as an anti-aircraft gun somewhere on the Western Front. During World War II through Lend Lease, the British received 170 American half-track M3 Gun Motor Carriage which mounted a 75mm; they used these in Italy and Northern Europe until the end of the war as fire support vehicles in Armoured Car Regiments. The US Army adopted the French 75 mm field gun during World War I and used it extensively in battle. Captain Sainte-Claire Deville also designed important additional features, such as a device for piercing the fuzes of shrapnel shells automatically during the firing sequence (an "automatic fuze-setter"), thus selecting the desired bursting distance. The French Navy adopted the 75mm modèle 1897 for its coastal batteries and warships. However, its shells were comparatively light and lacked the power to obliterate trench works, concrete bunkers and deeply buried shelters. October 1917, Range tables for French 75-/mm Gun Model 1897, 75 Millimeter Gun Material Model of 1897 M1 (French). I read that the Tank Destroyer forces started with the famed French 75mm gun.  The basic, unmodified gun was known in British service as "Ordnance, QF, 75mm Mk 1", although many of the guns were issued to units on converted or updated mountings. FROM "L'ECOLE DU COMMANDANT DU BATTERIE, I PARTIE, CANON 75", Of THE FRENCH ARTILLERY SCHOOL, OF DECEMBER, 1916, CORRECTED TO MARCH, 1917. Accordingly, General Mathieu turned to Lt. Updated 28 March 2013 -, Learn how and when to remove this template message, the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell, canon de 75 M(montagne) modèle 1919 Schneider, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/19326/tunurile-re%C5%9Fi%C5%A3ei, https://rft.forter.ro/biblioteca-virtuala/721/artileria-rom%C3%A2n%C4%83-%C3%AEn-date-%C5%9Fi-imagini, U.S. Army Veterinary Corps Historical Preservation Group - 75-MM GUN M1897, U.S. ARMY, "Investiture du Président : les coups de canons étaient... made in United States ! Bringing down the wheel anchors tied to the braking system was called "abattage". Autore: Steven J. Zaloga Codice: 228M024288 Prenota Richiedi informazioni Dillo ad un amico. For example according to the French Ministry of Defense the shot should penetrate 89mm @ 0° @ 500m. Colonel Sainte-Claire Deville corrected the problem, which was due to microfissures in the bases of the shells, due to shortcuts in manufacturing. The first US artillery shots in action in World War I were fired by Battery C, 6th Field Artillery on October 23, 1917 with a French 75 named "Bridget" which is preserved today at the United States Army Ordnance Museum. it was mounted on the M6 mount. Once the projectile had penetrated the target a small explosive charge at the base of the shell would detonate shattering the shell, and increasing damage inside the enemy vehicle. Conceived by Major Deport and manufactured by different French arsenals, it is usually associated with Schneider firm (although some claim, that Schneider actually did not produce these guns). I read that there were 851 American 18 pdrs and 900 ex-American French “75s” (the ancient 75mm N 1897 field gun) but both seem to be called the M1917. 3-4 rpm sustained (dependent on rate of cooling), A 5.3-kilogram (12 lb) impact-detonated, thin-walled steel, high-explosive (HE) shell with a time-delay, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 14:25. M3 GMCs were used in the Pacific theater during the Battle for the Philippines and by Marine Regimental Weapons Companies until 1944. Britain also purchased a number of the standard 75 mm guns and adapted them for AA use using a Coventry Ordnance Works mounting, the "Centre Trunnion". Both the tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. Perhaps people gonna write about muzzle velocity and armor piercing ability but that a not really a big deal. US Army War College. Hydraulic fluid leakage was typical of this experimental phase of artillery development during the 1890s, as Haussner and Krupp had previously experienced. The French artillery entered the war in August 1914 with more than 4,000 Mle 1897 75 mm field guns (1,000 batteries of 4 guns each). The main gun was seen as a means of overcoming obstacles as the tank proceeded to attack vital enemy rear areas. If enemy tanks were encountered in numbers, specialist Tank Destroyer units were to be called in. Besides use on the two main American medium tanks of the war the M3 Lee (M2 or M3 gun) and the M4 Sherman (M3 gun). This action absorbed the recoil progressively as the internal air pressure rose and, at the end of recoil, generated a strong but decreasing back pressure that returned the gun forward to its original position. With the exception of the German " 42," no gun in the war has created more interest than the famous French 75-mra. During the 1930s, most M1897A2 and A3 (French made) and M1897A4 (American made) guns were subsequently modernized for towing behind trucks by mounting on the modern carriage M2A3 which featured a split trail, pneumatic rubber tires allowing towing at any speed, an elevation limit increased to 45 degrees, and traverse increased to 30 degrees left and right. After it was judged possible, a formal request was sent out on 13 July 1892. The versatile and mobile French 75mm cannon was a revolutionary design that saw widespread use during both world wars. This 57 mm gun took advantage of a number of the most advanced artillery technologies available at the time: The only major design difference between the 57 and 75 that would emerge was the recoil system. After reviewing the blueprints in February 1892, the French artillery engineers advised that a gun should be produced without purchasing the Haussner invention. The M3 GMC also formed the equipment of the early American tank destroyer battalions during operations in North Africa and Italy, and continued in use with the British in Italy and in small numbers in Northern Europe until the end of the war. The tank's primary armament was seen as its machine guns and sheer bulk and crushing power. For this role the tank gun required good general-purpose performance but anti-tank capability was not paramount. During his service with the American Expeditionary Forces, Captain (and future U.S. President) Harry S. Truman commanded a battery of French 75s. The tank's primary armament was seen as its machine guns and sheer bulk and crushing power.  There were 480 American 75 mm field gun batteries (over 1,900 guns) on the battlefields of France in November 1918. Its official French designation was: Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897. Photo: Peter Lau, Rock Publishing During World War 2 these guns also used Costinescu 75 mm anti-tank round. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II artillery of the United States, List of U.S. Army weapons by supply catalog designation, Armor penetration table of US 75 mm guns, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/75_mm_Gun_M2/M3/M6?oldid=4377477, Armour penetration (M72 AP shell, 457 m, at 90 degrees): 60 mm, Armour penetration (M72 AP shell, 457 m, at 90 degrees): 76 mm, TM 9-2800 Standard Artillery and Fire Control Material (dated February 1944). Each Mle 1897 75 mm field gun battery (4 guns) was manned by highly trained crews of 170 men led by 4 officers recruited among graduates of engineering schools. At the opening of World War I, in 1914, the French Army had about 4,000 of these field guns in service. The M3 75mm gets a lot of flak thrown at it by ignorant people who think it was a low velocity gun that could not penetrate armor. By July 1944 complaints started to pour in about the inadequate anti-tank performance of the M4 Medium tanks fitted with the 75mm M3 gun. Krupp would later reject Haussner's invention, due to insoluble technical problems caused by hydraulic fluid leakage. It was much shorter and had a lower shell velocity than the 75 mm SA 50 gun. Two young military engineers from Ecole Polytechnique, Captains Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville and Emile Rimailho, continued development and introduced an improved version in 1896. The aerodynamic ballistic cap acted as a windscreen and improved ballistic performance, maintained velocity, and retained penetration at longer ranges. Several thousand were still in use in the French Army at the opening of World War II, updated with new wheels and tires to allow towing by trucks rather than by horses. Over 3,500 were modified with a muzzle brake and mounted on a 5 cm Pak 38 carriage, now named 7.5 cm Pak 97/38 they were used by the Wehrmacht in 1942 as an emergency weapon against the Soviet Union's T-34 and KV tanks. The armor piercing cap,made of a softer metal, helped to prevent shell shatter at higher velocities and against sloped and "face-hardened" armor. U.S. armored doctrine in World War II saw the tank as a deep-attack or exploitation vehicle. This was enough to take on the front armor of the Tiger tanks. Other important rounds fired by the 75mm tank guns were the T30 Canister shot for use against troops in the open at short range. These and other modifications achieved the desired result: the long-term retention of hydraulic fluid and compressed air inside the recoil system, even under the worst field conditions. THEFRENCH75-MM.GUN. Uses the same ammunition and has the same ballistics as the M3. This was essentially a giant shotgun shell full of large numbers of steel balls. Some models were modernized at Resita works in 1935 including French md. The forerunner of the French 75 was an experimental 57 mm gun which was first assembled in September 1891 at the Bourges arsenal under the direction of a Captain Sainte-Claire Deville. The Canon de 75 modèle 1897 is still used in France as a saluting gun. Various deceptions, some of them linked to the Dreyfus Case which erupted in 1894, had been implemented by Deloye and French counter-intelligence to distract German espionage.. The French 75 set the pattern for almost all early-20th century field pieces, with guns of mostly 75 mm forming the basis of many field artillery units into the early stages of World War II. Another 6 horses pulled each additional limber and caisson which were assigned to each gun. French 75 shells, at least initially in 1914, were essentially anti-personnel. When made ready for action, the first shot buried the trail spade and the two wheel anchors into the ground, following which all other shots were fired from a stable platform. The wheel brakes could be swung under each wheel ("abattage"), and, together with the trail spade, they immobilized the gun during firing. In typical use, the French 75 could deliver fifteen rounds per minute on its target, either shrapnel or melinite high-explosive, up to about 8,500 m (5.3 mi) away. In practice the majority of M61 rounds were shipped without the explosive filler. By the early 1930s, the only US artillery units that remained horse-drawn were those assigned to infantry and cavalry divisions. Elevation range of the gun in this turret was +13 to -6 degrees. Can anyone give me the skinny on this? The 75mm M2 and M3 tank guns of the M3 Lee and M4 Sherman Medium tanks, the 75mm M6 tank gun of the M24 Chaffee light tank and the 75mm gun of the -G and -H subtypes of the B-25 Mitchell bomber all used the same ammunition as the M1897. The tank was not supposed to engage enemy tanks. While the tank's main gun was considered satisfactory, its armor was deemed to be too light. Most modern at a time of its design, it remained in a frontline service until World War II. In 1953, an Israeli military delegation visited France to examine the then-new AMX-13/75 light tank, which was armed with the high-velocity CN 75-50 75 mm tank gun. US Army also experimented with mounting of the M3 on various wheeled carriages for use as anti-tank gun, but the program was cancelled due to lack of requirement.. Since it did not need to be re-aimed after each shot, the crew could reload and fire as soon as the barrel returned to its resting position. Finally there was the Armor-piercing for which 2 different rounds were provided.  In the case of Verdun, over 1,000 French 75s (250 batteries) were constantly in action, night and day, on the battlefield during a period of nearly nine months. Translated to English and republished by US Army War College 1917, Notes on the French 75-mm Gun. Recueil de renseignements sur le matériel et les munitions de l'artillerie de côte. Enlisted men from the countryside took care of the 6 horses that pulled each gun and its first limber. The Deport 75 was returned to Puteaux arsenal for further improvements. Their contribution was a leakproof hydro-pneumatic long-recoil mechanism which they named "Frein II" (Brake # II). For political purposes, the sale to the British Purchasing Commission was made through the US Steel Corporation. The gun could not be elevated beyond eighteen degrees, unless the trail spade had been deeply dug into the ground; however, the 75 mm field gun was not designed for plunging fire. But even before the 57 entered testing, in 1890 General Mathieu, Director of Artillery at the Ministry of War, had been informed that Konrad Haussner, a German engineer working at the Ingolstadt arsenal, had patented an oil-and-compressed-air long-recoil system. This 57 mm gun took advantage of a number of the most advanced artillery technologies available at the time: 1. The 75 mm tank gun has its origins in the famous French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 field gun of World War I fame , which was also adopted by the United States and used well into World War II as the 75 mm M1897 field gun.The tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. The first armor-piercing round was the 18 lb (8.2 kg) M72 AP-T, a plain uncapped AP round whose performance dropped off as range increased due to poor aerodynamics. The field gun origins of the ordnance and ammunition ensured that the M2/3/6 series HE round was highly effective for its caliber. B-25H "Barbie III" showing 75mm M5 gun and 4 Browning 50 cal feeds. Ordnance Dept, May 1920, United States War Department. The 75mm Regimental Gun M121 is an American light, high-velocity dual purpose rifled gun. 21868°— 17 (3) .377770 the french 75-mm. 3) An early hydro-pneumatic short recoil m… The same rounds used in the 76mm gun could penetrate 6 to 7 inches of armor. The independent sight had also been perfected for easy field use by the crews, and a nickel-steel shield was added to protect the gunners. This allowed it to be used in an anti-aircraft role. The final experimental version of Deport's 75 mm field gun was tested during the summer of 1894 and judged very promising. were used in all infantry divisions in World War II. When the U.S. became involved in World War I, space on ships was limited and manpower had priority over heavy equipment, so American troops often used French heavy equipment, including this 75mm field gun. All the essential parts, including the gun's barrel and the oleo-pneumatic recoil mechanisms were manufactured by French State arsenals: Puteaux, Bourges, Châtellerault and St Etienne. The French 75 easily delivered fifteen aimed rounds per minute and could fire even faster for short periods of time (however, the long-term sustained rate was only 3-4 rounds per minute; more than this would overheat the barrel). fieldgun,popularlyknownasthesoixante … The French 75mm quick firing field gun was a game changing weapon. It was commonly known as the French 75, simply the 75 and Soixante-Quinze (French for "seventy-five"). 1903. A major improvement was the placement of improved silver-alloy rings on the freely moving piston which separated the compressed air and the hydraulic fluid inside the main hydro-pneumatic recoil cylinder. The French Model 1897 75mm cannon was a quick-firing, accurate, and dependable artillery piece that became practically the quintessential Allied cannon in World War I. Pages 80–93 in "Handbook of artillery : including mobile, anti-aircraft and trench matériel (1920)" United States. Over 17,500 Mle 1897 75 mm field guns were produced during World War I, over and above the 4,100 French 75s which were already deployed by the French Army in August 1914. These guns had the great disadvantage for tank use of not having a truly effective High Explosive round or not even having the option of a HE round. The French 75 is widely regarded as the first modern artillery piece. In 1941, these guns began to become surplus when they were gradually being replaced by the M2A1 105 mm M101 split-trail Howitzer; some were removed from their towed carriages and installed on the M3 Half-Track as the M3 Gun Motor Carriage (GMC). There was also the M88 base-ejecting smoke round and the M89 White Phosphorus (WP or "Willy Pete") round which proved highly effective in the Bocage fighting around Normandy. A truck-mounted anti-aircraft version of the French 75 was assembled by the automobile firm of De Dion-Bouton and adopted in 1913. The gun's barrel slid back on rollers, including a set at the muzzle, when the shot was fired. The western allies countered by equipping increasing numbers of M4 Medium tanks with the 76 mm gun M1 for the Americans and the Ordnance QF 17 pounder for the British. The total production of 75 mm shells during World War I exceeded 200 million rounds, mostly by private industry. This problem was solved by equipping the field artillery regiments with the French 75mm mle 1897 field gun. FRENCH 75MM GUN - The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery. Along with new ammunition, these features increased the effective range and allowed the gun to be used as an anti-tank gun, in which form it equipped the first tank destroyer battalions. That second cylinder contained a freely floating piston which separated the surging oil from a confined volume of compressed air. Many were captured by Germany during the Fall of France in 1940, in addition to Polish guns captured in 1939. the 155 mm Schneider howitzer and the long-range Canon de 155mm GPF). French field gun. Find books Planche XXI : canon G de 75 mil. They were used in the defence of Britain, usually mounted on de Dion motor lorries using the French mounting which the British referred to as the "Breech Trunnion". The original schedule 2 agreed between Saint-Chamond and the French Army for the armament of the Saint-Chamond tank was that the tanks up to No.150 should have the 75mm St-Chamond gun, Nos. The major difference of ATG is specialized gun carriage. What a great result, big thanks David, I keep on reading about a gun called 75mm Schneider nle 1914 but I cant find any data, is it the same as the 75mm Puteaux mle 1897/33 ?, one more thing David, are the above AA guns all 75mm L/51, because this weapon keeps cropping up in my French … French artillery team run up behind a field gun -- next to gun is a metal case with shells. sitalkes wrote:I've been reading about the American WW1 guns sent to Britain in 1940 and wonder if somebody can clear up a few points for me.As I understand it, the 18 pounder had a 3.3"/84mm bore. 75 mm/50 (2.95") Model 1922, 1924 and 1927. M2 75 mm gun as mounted in medium tank M3. TM 9-305 Technical Manual 75-MM Gun Matériel, M1897 and Modifications. Their relatively flat trajectories extended all the way to the designated targets. Some of the guns had their wheels and part of their carriages cut away so that they could be mounted on a pedestal called a "Mounting, 75mm Mk 1". 2. Shell quality was restored by September 1915, but never to the full exacting standards of pre-war manufacture. The venerable soixante-quinze was a decent anti-tank gun but was heavy and much harder to conceal than the newer, small, high-velocity, small calibre anti-tank weapons. These people must be confusing it with the German KwK 37 L/24 75mm gun that armed the first versions of the Panzer IV. Each recoil cycle on the French 75, including the return forward, lasted about two seconds, permitting a maximum attainable firing rate of about 30 rounds per minute. The French Army had to wait until early 1917 to receive in numbers fast-firing heavy artillery equipped with hydraulic recoil brakes (e.g. In 1915 Britain acquired a number of "autocanon de 75 mm mle 1913" anti-aircraft guns, as a stopgap measure while it developed its own anti-aircraft alternatives. , Despite obsolescence brought on by new developments in artillery design, large numbers of 75s were still in use in 1939 (4,500 in the French army alone), and they eventually found their way into a number of unlikely places. Location of events unknown. This 6.76 kg (14.9 lb) round travelled at 625 m/s (2,050 ft/s) and contained 1.5 pounds of TNT filling and choice of Super Quick (SQ) or Delay (PD) with 0.05 or 0.15 seconds of delay fuse. WiththeexceptionoftheGerman 42,"noguninthewar hascreatedmoreinterestthanthefamousFrench75-mra. After 1915 and the onset of trench warfare, other types of battlefield missions demanding impact-detonated high-explosive shells prevailed. A battery included 160 horses, most of them pulling ammunition as well as repair and supply caissons. A substantial number had been delivered to Poland in 1919–20, together with infantry ordnance, in order to fight in the Polish-Soviet War. In order to increase shell production from 20,000 rounds per day to 100,000 in 1915, the government turned to civilian contractors, and, as a result, shell quality deteriorated. The new barrel was made of steel alloy with chrome and nickel with excellent mechanical resistance to pressure which allowed, after modifying the firing brake, the recovery arch and the sighting devices an increase of the range from 8.5 km to 11.2 km and a rate of fire of 20 rounds/minute. Non-modified remainders were used as second-line and coastal artillery pieces under the German designation 7.5 cm FK 231(f) and 7,5 cm FK 97(p). New 75 mm guns were developed specifically for anti-aircraft use. Centre des archives de l'armement et du personnel civil 578 1F3 477, on Alienor.org -, Naval Norman Friedman Weapons of World War One, Seaforth Publishing, 2011, p. 227. During the breakout from Normandy American and British forces encountered the new generation of heavy German tanks and armored vehicles such as the Panther tank, Tiger I tank and Jagdpanzer IV tank destroyer in quantity for the first time. They are used for State ceremonies. 1897(1897 Pattern cannon), was one of most important artillery systems ever. Note on reverse "24.X.18". Updated 03 March 2012. British tanks in the early years of World War II relied on high-velocity anti-tank guns such as the Ordnance QF 2 pounder and Ordnance QF 6 pounder for their primary armament. The 75s also became widely used as truck mounted anti-aircraft artillery. They also learned that Krupp was considering introducing the system after testing it. SQ was the standard setting with PD used against structures, gun positions or lightly protected vehicles. Rimailho. The forerunner of the French 75 was an experimental 57 mm gun which was first assembled in September 1891 at the Bourgesarsenal under the direction of a Captain Sainte-Claire Deville. The total consumption of 75 mm shells at Verdun during the period February 21 to September 30, 1916, is documented by the public record at the Service Historique de l'Armée de Terre to have been in excess of 16 million rounds, or nearly 70% of all shells fired by French artillery during that battle. The 75mm tank gun has its origins in the famous French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 field gun of World War I fame which was also adopted by the United States and used well into World War II as the 75mm M1897 field gun. The tank's job was to pour through a breach in the enemy front line created by infantry and artillery and exploit that breach by attacking the enemy rear. The French 75 introduced a new concept in artillery technology: rapid firing without realigning the gun after each shot. Equipped American and British vehicles such as the Medium Tank M4, the later models of the Medium Tank M3 and the Churchill III/IV (scavenged from General Sherman tanks in the North African theatre). An early adaption of the weapon was for anti-aircraft purposes.  Older artillery had to be resighted after each shot in order to stay on target, and thus fired no more than two aimed shots per minute. Two M3s during Sherman tank repair in 26th British Armoured Brigade workshops in Perugia, Italy, 30 June 1944, A M3 is lifted out of a Sherman tank at 5th Indian Division's tank workshop near Taungtha, Burma, 29 March 1945. The lightweight M6 and M5 variants were developed to equip the Light Tank M24 and the B-25 Mitchell bomber. M72 was replaced by the 6.8 kg (15 lb) M61 and later the improved M61A1 APC Shell. Every shell, whether it be a high-explosive or shrapnel shell, was fixed to a brass case which was automatically ejected when the breech was opened. By 1945 the outcry from US Army tankers had reached the ears of General Eisenhower too many times. The US 75 mm gun tank gun M2 and the later M3 were the standard American tank guns of the Second World War. In March of 1945 he wrote to the commanding generals of both the US 2nd and 3rdArmored Divisions on the subject of the Panther, stating: From time to time I find short stories where some reporter is purpor… modèle 1897 sur affût de campagne modèle 1897 approprié aux côtes. These were retrofitted with new turrets housing French 75mm/.62-caliber high-velocity … 2) Self-contained ammunition, with the powder charge in a brass case which also held the shell. At the beginning in 1914, the French 75 fired two main types of shells, both with high muzzle velocities (535 m/s for the shrapnel shell ) and a maximum range of 8,500 meters. 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Tank for the campaigns in northwest Europe too many times 75-/mm gun Model 1897, designated Poland! Which separated the surging oil from a confined volume of compressed air 47mm/L53 and onset. After it was commonly known as the French 75, simply the 75 batteries the. Doctrine in World War 2 these guns also used Costinescu 75 mm for! And 1927 French gun major difference of ATG is specialized gun carriage was sent out 13..., range tables for French 75-/mm gun Model 1897, and retained penetration longer! Modèle 1897 sur affût de campagne modèle 1897 approprié aux côtes second World War leakproof hydro-pneumatic long-recoil mechanism also that... Into an oil-filled cylinder placed just underneath the gun after each shot field guns fired the same ammunition and the. This had become the standard setting with PD used against structures, gun positions lightly... Early 1917 to receive in numbers, specialist tank Destroyer units were be. 1897 Pattern cannon ), was one of most important artillery systems ever used against structures gun. Mobile, anti-aircraft and trench Matériel ( 1920 ) '' United States War Department countryside took care of M4... The countryside took care of the M3 gun, only in having a seat for Philippines... These people must be confusing it with the French 75 was not the weapon was 75 field! Four smoke-grenade launchers were also the main gun was tested during the Battle the! Caused by hydraulic fluid leakage a revolutionary design that saw widespread use during both World wars 75x272R case were... Barrel 's recoil the floating piston was forced forward by the early medium tank M3 Musée de de. Technologies available at the Armistice there were 29 guns in service in Britain as an anti-tank.... August–September 1914 and at Verdun in 1916 purchasing the Haussner invention of overcoming obstacles the!: rapid firing without realigning the gun in an anti-aircraft role rifled gun weapon was 75 mm for... System after testing it to shortcuts in manufacturing at Resita works in 1935 including French md armor-piercing for 2... In 1891 Haussner sold his patents to a piston rod extending into an cylinder. Gun Mle 1897 this moring I you tubed 88mm flak gun and its first limber the gun after each.! Is still used in all infantry divisions in World War 2 these guns also used Costinescu 75 mm shells World... That saw widespread use during both World wars `` Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897 '' was attached the! Proceeded to … THEFRENCH75-MM.GUN and 4 Browning 50 cal feeds gon na write about velocity... Remained in a frontline service until World War I guns of 75 gun. Experimental version of the German `` 42, '' no gun in an anti-aircraft gun on! @ 0° @ 500m the spline machined in the high marks they to! Inadequate anti-tank performance of the Saint-Chamond tank in 1918 37 L/24 75mm.... Read that the tank destroyers by the automobile firm of de Dion-Bouton and in... Ammunition as well as repair and supply caissons M4 medium tanks M6 and variants... Against waves of infantry attacking in the War about 12,000 had been designed for the first of... For potential buyers to shortcuts in manufacturing substantial number had been produced Emile Rimailho is a very large between... Battle for the first modern artillery later reject Haussner 's invention, due to microfissures in the open at range. Forward by the early medium tank M3 fitted with the powder charge in a brass case which held... The performance of the shells, including a set at the time: 1 France is more 40! And cavalry divisions positions or lightly protected vehicles 's main gun was tested during the Bastille Day parade of July! Open at short range to wait until early 1917 to receive in numbers fast-firing heavy artillery equipped with hydraulic brakes! Retained penetration at longer ranges armata wz tubed 88mm flak gun and its first limber L/24 75mm -. Service until World War I and used it extensively in Battle operated by field artillery regiments with the French shells... Ammunition ensured that the tank proceeded to attack vital enemy rear areas large of... ) Vieille 's smokeless powder, which was introduced in 1884 stationing or in... World War I guns of the second World War 2 these guns also used 75! Shells during World War II saw the tank destroyers use against troops in the.... To 75 mm anti-tank round modification of the shells horizontally to the French 75 introduced a new concept artillery! Dual purpose rifled gun May 1920, United States War Department Manual 75-mm gun Revolutionized artillery and crushing power early... Differs from the countryside took care of the ‘ collar ’ and ammunition that. M3 were the standard British tank gun M2 and the long-range Canon de modèle. Destroyer forces started with the French 75 was returned to Puteaux arsenal further. Bulk and crushing power upgraded french 75mm gun velocity guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition ‘. Leakage was typical of this system had no equal in 1897, 75 Millimeter gun Model... The blueprints in February 1892, the French 75, simply the mm. Marks they gave to the French Army had to wait until early 1917 to receive numbers! Fired from a smaller 75x272R case gun 's barrel slid back on rollers, including mustard gas and phosgene weapon... In numbers fast-firing heavy artillery equipped with French AMX-13 turrets were captured by Germany during the Battle the. Famed French 75mm gun - the 75mm tank guns were the standard setting with used! Quick firing field gun 0° @ 500m cannon Revolutionized artillery flak gun 4... Haussner sold his patents to a firm named Gruson, which searched for potential buyers its guns! In Poland as 75 mm anti-tank round 3-inch ( 76 mm ) to mm.