NPS Home Many of the poor frontiersmen didn’t even have enough cash to pay the tax. Thomas P. Slaughter. For the first and only time in America history, the Commander-in-Chief of the United States was leading troops to battle. Defense Attorney: Mr. Gallatin, will you state to the jury your title and role in the Whiskey Rebellion. The resolve the men passed stated that the law was dangerous to liberty and particularly oppressive to the people of the western counties of Pennsylvania. The dispute itself had important ramifications. Source: âTo George Washington from Alexander Hamilton, 5 August 1794,â Founders Online, National Archives, https://goo.gl/kUFNMp. It became law in 1791, and was intended to generate revenue for the war debt incurred during the Revolutionary War. Albert Gallatin was Secretary of Treasury for both Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Gallatin had just arrived back at Friendship Hill, when he attended a meeting of local farmers. A pattern developed, when officials tried to collect the tax, the rebels would retaliate with assaults and threats, and when no one attempted collection, things were quiet. Albert Gallatin (1761 - 1849) was an American statesman and scholar who served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1801 to 1814 under presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.Expert in finance, Gallatin designed and implemented Jeffersonian Republican fiscal policies by lowering taxes, reducing the national debt, and financing both the Louisiana Purchase and the War of … Under the leadership of President Thomas Jefferson and the Republican Party (which, like many citizens, opposed Hamilton’s Federalist tax policies), the tax was repealed after continuing to be almost impossible to collect. Early in his political career Albert Gallatin became embroiled in the Whiskey Rebellion, where his courage, wisdom and moderation helped the region, and propelled him onto the national stage. Wealthy landowner David Bradford, along with several other men, attacked a mail carrier and discovered three letters from Pittsburgh expressing disapproval of the attack on Neville’s property. In a rage, the mob set fire to other buildings and the soldiers soon surrendered as the Bower Hill estate burned to the ground. The commissioners were inflexible and wanted total submission. ... spirits in what later would be called the Whiskey Rebellion. However, the rebellion’s instigators had already fled, and the militia’s prisoners weren’t involved in the rebellion. As the day ended, the crowd had drunk deeply from the barrels and weren’t inspired to descend on Pittsburgh with any fury, instead gaining permission to march through Pittsburgh peacefully. These isolated families farmed their land and after the harvest converted their surplus grain into whiskey. They were marched to Philadelphia to stand trial regardless. This page is currently being worked on. Sec., US Rep & Sen WAR 1812 NE 1801 WASH DC, ALBERT GALLATIN Free Frank, US REP, SENATOR & SEC Of The T Albert Gallatin's frugality became the hallmark of American public finance for more than a hundred years. Home of Whiskey Rebellion supporter Harmon Husband. The second incident involved six men in disguises who attacked Wells while he was at home. MONONGAHELA, Pa. â A Pennsylvania historical sign in a Monongahela parking lot marks the location where U.S. statesman Albert Gallatin delivered an eloquent speech that brought â¦ One week before the new law went into effect, Hamilton had sixty-one farmers in western Pennsylvania charged with violating the law. During the American Revolution, individual states incurred significant debt. Whiskey Rebellion. Gallatin was one of the men who met with the commissioners. According to A Department of the Interior article, 'Whiskey Rebellion Resources in Western Pennsylvania' for the National Register of Historic Places of 1992- ... (some of the sources are The Philisophical Society and The Life of Albert Gallatin, 1943, and … As the soldiers crossed the State of Pennsylvania, Albert Gallatin confronted the rebels. Discover (and save!) Washington met with his cabinet officials and presented evidence of the violence to Supreme Court Justice James Wilson, who ruled a military response was justified under the auspices of the Militia Acts of 1792. On July 17, 1794, as many as 700 men marched to drums and gathered at Neville’s home. The British sent troops to America to ...read more, On March 8, 1782, a group of Pennsylvania militiamen slaughtered some 90 unarmed Native Americans at the Moravian mission settlement of Gnadenhutten, Ohio. Less than a week later, the mob met with local dignitaries who warned that Washington would send a militia to strike them down and they had to strike first. Albert Gallatin was an anti-federalist. He also suggested an excise tax on whiskey to prevent further financial difficulty. The delegates voted. In 1786 he purchased property in western Pennsylvania which he named Friendship Hill. What were many American's opinions on the excise tax on whiskeyâ¦ Pennsylvanians elected him to the U.S. Senate in 1793, but Gallatin was denied his seat, ostensibly because he had not been a U.S. citizen for nine years. A new U.S. federal government began operating in 1789, following the ratification of the United States Constitution. MONONGAHELA â A Pennsylvania historical sign in a Monongahela parking lot marks the location where U.S. statesman Albert Gallatin delivered an eloquent speech that brought an end to â¦ The accused were summoned to court in Philadelphia. As the Whiskey Rebellion went forward, two simultaneous local movements protested the tax; a peaceful one attempting to legally repeal the law, and a violent one attacking any supporters of the tax. Albert Gallatin. Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849) was a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, politician, diplomat, congressman, and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury.In 1831, he founded the University of the City of New York. Hamilton, President Washington, and the federalist government had been very upset with the western region’s lack of compliance with the law and the violence against tax collectors. 15437. Whiskey Rebellion, 1794. One of the petitions he had signed not only outlined their complaints and asked for a repeal of the tax, but also said tax collectors were “unworthy of friendship” and deserved to be treated with contempt. The federal government had legally passed the tax and wanted â¦ The Whiskey Rebellion is considered one of the first major tests of the authority of the newly formed U.S. government. Neville didn’t believe the men and ordered them off his property. A group of radicals, headed by a lawyer named David Bradford, staged incendiary meetings, to which they summoned the local militia, terrorized conservatives in Pittsburgh, threatened â¦ Early in his political career Albert Gallatin became embroiled in the Whiskey Rebellion, where his courage, wisdom and moderation helped the â¦ Friendship Hill was the home of Albert Gallatin, who represented Fayette County to the state assembly created in Pennsylvania during the Whiskey Rebellion. The law was immediately a failure, since refusals to pay the taxes were as common as intimidation against officials hired to collect them. When a rebel army didn’t appear, the militia rounded up suspected rebels instead. But protests against the new tax began immediately, arguing that the tax was unfair to small producers. Each attempt to open a tax office or hire a tax collector was countered with violence. Beginning around 1740 French and later English began commerce with the Indians exchanging furs and skins for trade goods. The Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution. In retaliation, the mob shot back at the house. The Whiskey Rebellion (also known as the Whiskey Insurrection) was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington.The so-called "whiskey tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. As the army headed across the mountains a friend wrote him there were "large rewards for your head,” and another said that his name was high on a list of men “who were to be destroyed.” Fearing for his safety Gallatin left the region. Washington assumed emergency power to assemble more than 12,000 men from the surrounding states and eastern Pennsylvania as a federal militia. While radical members pushed for open rebellion, moderates like Hugh Henry Brackenridge and future Secretary of the U.S. Treasury Albert Gallatin urged conciliatory measures. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton sought to use this debt to create a financial system that would promote American pâ¦ Perhaps inevitably, violence broke out. What was another name for the Whiskey Rebellion? In the years after the Revolutionary War the land west of the Appalachian Mountains was the American frontier. Since his stance on the taxes met well with many of his Fayette county neighbors, they elected him to the rebel assembly during the Whiskey Rebellion. With this change Gallatin thought resistance to the tax might go away. His service on the Ways and Means Committee earned him a strong reputation as an expert in finance â¦ That June Congress modified the law, changing one of the most egregious elements. Gallatin rallied opposition to the taxâyet also counseled his neighbors not to resist the federal force that in 1794 put down the Whiskey Rebellion. President Washington ordered the army to march west. Whiskey Rebellion. The city of Pittsburgh, fearing violence, sent a delegation to announce that the three letter writers had been expelled from the city and to offer a gift of several barrels of whiskey. Opposition to the whiskey tax and the rebellion itself built support for the Republicans, who overtook Washington’s Federalist Party for power in 1802. The angry rebels talked about kidnapping Gallatin, but fortunately did not carry out their plan. ... but Jeffersonian leader Albert Gallatin mobilized the western moderates, and thus forestalled a serious outbreak. That fall a tax collector was tarred and feathered, and more were to follow. The rebels, referred ...read more, This wasn’t how it was supposed to be. The intruders demanded Wells’ account books at gunpoint and insisted he resign his position. An argument ensued, and when Lenox and Neville rode off, they were face-to-face with an angry mob, armed with pitchforks and muskets—some were believed to be drunk. New York, â¦ Alexander Hamilton, â¦ Gallatin was elected clerk. Whiskey Rebellion. Jean Bonnet Tavern. In a “long, sensible and eloquent” speech he asked the men to accept submission. In the next two years, he served as a delegate to a state constitutional convention and won election to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. That fall Gallatin got a pleasant surprise. On September 11, 1791, excise officer Robert Johnson was riding through his collection route in western Pennsylvania when he was surrounded by 11 men dressed as women. The president had called out the militia to prepare for a march against the rebels, but he had also sent commissioners to negotiate with them. 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